Amazon Rainforest is the World’s largest tropical rainforest and provides 20% of Earth’s oxygen. For this reason it is also Called the “Lungs of the Planet“. The rainforest is so big that it comprises more than half of the World’s remaining Rainforests even thought it covers only 6% of the Earth’s surface.
The Amazon rainforest is located in South America and spreads over an 5.5 million square kilometres. It spans nine countries – Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.
The 10 Most Amazing Facts About Amazon Rainforest :
- Around 137 species of plants, animals and insects become extinct every single day in the Amazon because of deforestation and cattle ranching that have killed vast sections of the forest.
- The Amazon rainforest is home over 10% all known species in the world, including around 180 species of reptiles, 293 types of mammals, 697 species of fish, 806 bird species, and 2,500 butterflies, 262 amphibian species.
- Very little sunlight reaches the floor of this Rainforest due to the dense canopy. So the Amazon is a haven for shade-tolerant plants, especially orchids, bromeliads and other epiphytes that grow on trees and have aerial roots.
- There are around 30 million species found in the Amazon River basin, with thousands of new species being discovered each year. An estimated 2.5 million of these are insects. Just one acre of the Amazon rainforest is estimated to contain as many as 70,000 species of insects, and scientists once found 700 different species of beetle on a single tree.
- One-fourth of the world’s medicine uses ingredients from the Amazon rainforest. 70% of the plants which work against cancer cells come from the Amazon Rainforest.
- There are more than 50 indigenous communities in the Amazon have also never made contact with anyone outside the rainforest. Brazil’s Amazon is said to host the majority of the indigenous tribes. Most of the tribes are not settled in a specific location but rather move from one location to another often. They are nomadic hunters and gatherers.
- Amazon Rainforest is also a major player in maintaining carbon levels globally.
- The Amazon River contains about 20% of the world’s total volume of river water.
- There are more than 150 different species of monkeys found in the Amazon rainforest.
- Amazon has lost 20% of its size in recent years because of deforestation to create the Trans-Amazonian Highway.