1. The new Parliament building construction, estimated to cost ₹ 971 crore, is expected to finish before the country’s 75th Independence Day in 2022.
2. To be built over 64,500 sq.m, it will be located a stone’s throw from Rashtrapati Bhavan, the official residence of the President of India. The four-story building will be triangular and its interiors will have three national symbols – the lotus, the peacock and the banyan tree.
3. The building will seat 888 members in the Lok Sabha Chamber with an option to increase to 1,224 Members during Joint Sessions. The Rajya Sabha chamber will have a seating capacity for 384 members.
4. Architect Bimal Patel said the triangular shape of the new parliament was a reference to “sacred geometries in various religions and cultures of India”. “In the Lok Sabha chamber, we have used the national bird (peacock) as the theme. In the Rajya Sabha we have used the national flower (lotus) and in the central lounge we have used the national tree (banyan),” Mr Patel said.
5. The building will have six entrances: one for the President and Prime Minister; one for the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha, and MPs; a ceremonial entrance in general; another entrance for MPs; and two public entrances.
6. The national emblem will crown the new parliament, the ceiling of which will have fresco paintings (similar to those in Rashtrapati Bhawan) and carpets with traditional designs. Interior walls will have shlokas inscribed – to retain some of the characteristics of the existing parliament.
7. Dholpur stone will be the primary construction material (as it was with the current building) and red granite may replace red sandstone in some interior sections. Special care will be taken during construction to ensure minimal disturbance and environmental safeguards.
8. The building will be equipped with modern audio-visual communication systems and will house committee rooms, offices of the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs, Lok Sabha Secretariat and Rajya Sabha Secretariats, as well as dining facilities and museums and exhibitions for the public.
9. A central Constitution Hall will showcase the history and heritage of the country.
10. To make voting easier and safe special provisions will be made for smart displays and biometrics within the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha halls.
11. The technological improvements will include language interpretation facilities and programmable microphones, which will give the Speaker more control in managing the House. Virtual sound simulations will help set the right levels of reverberation and limit echo and voice feedback.
12. The central courtyard will include an open-air meeting space for MPs and also a cafe.
13. MPs’ chambers will have VVIP access at subterranean levels, thereby freeing up ground floor access for government officials and members of the public. There will also be ceremonial entrances for the President, the Prime Minister, the Speakers of the two Houses and MPs.
14. The new parliament will also be fully wheelchair- and disabled-access friendly.
15. The new parliament building will have a life of more than 150 years.
16. Tata Projects Ltd are constructing the new parliament building, which will overlook the old – which was built nearly 100 years ago at a cost of ₹ 83 lakh and will be turned into a museum.